the different aspects of daily life and the general attitudes of both city states. The Peloponnesian War was a long and tumultuous war between Sparta and Athens. During the era before the Classical Age, in what is sometimes called the Archaic Age, Athens and Sparta had followed different paths. Pericles, the foremost statesman of Athens from 461-429, introduced payment for public offices so more of the population than just the rich could hold them. The Classical Age of Greece begins either with with the fall of the Athenian tyrant Hippias, son of Peisistratos/Pisistratus, in 510.C., or the Persian Wars, which the Greeks fought against the Persians in Greece and Asia Minor from 490-479.C. During the times of Athens and Sparta, their respective militaries played a large part in the power-struggle between the two city-states. In my writing you saw how different they were. The military service for the Spartan men ended at the age of 60 (Connolly 230). During Pisistratus rule Athens became the political, economical, and religious center of the region. Historians of the Archaic and Classical Period Historians of the Period When Greece Was Dominated by the Macedonians Diodorus Justin Thucydides Arrian fragments of Arrian found in Photius Demosthenes Aeschines Plutarch. Although Sparta is known for its military achievements, Athens also had a strong military.
The ephors were overseers. It corresponds with the period of the height of democracy, the flowering. Athens survived the Dorian invasions and developed into an advanced city-state.
Democracy is when the government is ruled by the people. Sparta chapter Darius and The Clouds s military code, which requires service from every male citizen, has also been incorporated and altered in many other countries, such as Israel. Sparta used Messenia s fertile land for farming. The Spartans, who had earlier been the unquestioned leaders of the Greeks, suspected Athens (a new naval power) of trying to take control of all of Greece. Sparta s constitution called for town meetings which gave male non-aristocratic citizens thirty-five years of age and older the opportunity to veto legislation proposed by the male elders of the aristocracy.
This council decided on making laws. When they reached the age of fourteen they attended a higher school for four more years. These two states were as different as night and day.
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