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The Theory of Rational Choice


the Theory of Rational Choice

Overviews, cornish and Clarke 1986 includes numerous theoretical and empirical essays that describe the process of criminal decision making. 162) (Simpson, 2000,. American Sociological Review, Vol 44, pp588608. Rather than reducing drug offending, the only success the crackdown had was to disperse drug activity over a larger area. In this case, individuals are defined the Kent State Massacre by their preferences over outcomes and the set of possible actions available to each. For social scientists using game theory to model, explain, and predict collective outcomes, games are classified into three groups: purely cooperative games in which players prefer and jointly benefit from the same outcomes; purely competitive games in which one persons gain is anothers loss; and. Violence and Victims, 17(2), 233-255. It is commonly assumed that if offenders were punished more severely, offenders, being rationally calculating individuals, would choose not to offend because the offence is not worth the punishment. 128) (O'Grady, 2011,. Violence and Victims, 18(6), 671-690.

What is the 'Rational Choice Theory' Rational choice theory is an economic principle that states that individuals always make prudent and logical decisions. These decisions provide people with the greatest benefit or satisfaction given the choices available and are also in their highest self. Attempts to explain all (conforming and deviant) social phenomenon in terms of how self-interested individuals make choices under the influence of their preferences.

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Therefore, although violent acts appear to be irrational, they do seem to involve some calculations of the risk and rewards (134). Even though the first view is more restrained and is sufficient for applying rational choice methods to understanding social and political phenomena, many researchers hold the view that rational choice theory is a powerful analytic tool precisely because it reflects the actual principles that must. These robberies also tend to fit patterns of aggressive and violent behaviour that has no regard for the needs or feelings of others. These offences are generally crimes of opportunity. Such institutions may be thought of as resembling the parlour games of bridge, poker, and tic-tac-toe. 148) (Kaufman, 1998,. Studies involve offenders being interviewed on motives, methods and target choices. Research also supports the situational nature of crime and how certain risky behaviours increase the likelihood of encountering violent situations.

Rational choice theory (criminology) - Wikipedia
Rational Choice Theory - Investopedia
What is rational choice theory (RCT)?
Rational choice theory political science and economics

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