time. 8000 BCE. The size of the population has been estimated as having risen from 1.5 million in the 3rd millennium bce to perhaps twice that number in the late 2nd millennium and 1st millennium bce. The ancient Egyptian belief in life as an eternal journey, created and maintained by divine magic, inspired later cultures and later religious beliefs. Egyptian couples were even known to negotiate an ancient prenuptial agreement. Their great monuments, tombs, temples, and art work all celebrate life and stand as reminders of what once was and what human beings, at their best, are capable of achieving. In addition, the Egyptians had a great interest in, and knowledge of, most species of mammals, birds, reptiles, and fish in their environment. Hieroglyphic writing was publicly identified with Egypt. Kings did not mention dissent in their texts unless it came at the beginning of a reign or a phase of action and was quickly and triumphantly overcome in a reaffirmation of order. Egyptians were monogamous, and the choice of partners in marriage, for which no formal ceremony or legal sanction is known, did not follow a set pattern. Memphis was the first capital of Egypt and a famous religious and trade centre; its high status is attested to by the Greeks alluding privileges of a Young Black Children to the entire country by that name.
Little in it is related to the everyday world, and, except in palaces, works of the Force of Circumstance art may have been rare outside temples and tombs. The Nile was Egypts sole transportation artery. The last of these was part of the second survey of Lower Nubia in 192934, which preceded the second raising of the Aswn Dam. This is known as The Amarna Period ( BCE) during which Amarna grew as the capital of the country and polytheistic religious customs were banned. Heka was the primal force which infused the universe and caused all things to operate as they did; it also allowed for the central value of the Egyptian culture: ma'at, harmony and balance. Egyptians kept many animals as pets.